Skip to main content

The Mysterious “E. Wright”

By Chuck Zickefoose

Why mysterious?  His name shows or has shown up on sidewalks around Newberg.  The sidewalk faces have a distinctive white paint-like appearance not seen on other walks in town.  Also he is associated with two “Union Block” buildings, one in McMinnville, the other in Newberg.  It is supposed that the “E” in his name stood for either Elsia or Elza according to Polk’s Directory of 1912-13 for McMinnville, Oregon.  His occupation is listed as a cement worker.  Other sources name him as a contractor building sidewalks in McMinnville as well as a harness maker.
There are three sections of sidewalks in Newberg that are presumed to have been laid by Wright, these are:
  • West side of S. College St south of First St
  • West side of Blaine, E. Sheridan and south on Washington
  • West side of Main St. north of Hancock to Franklin St.

The distinctive markings are evident on each of the above stretches of sidewalk:
Sheridan and Washington Sts.

West side of S. College St and First St.
West side of N. Main St. looking toward W. Sherman St.
Each segment has distinctive “paint smear” pattern.  The Blaine has “E.Wright” stamped near the south extremity of the walk, but no date.  The College St. segment was reported to have “E.Wright” stamped on it as well as the date – 1907.  No indication exists for the Main St. stretch but due to the poor condition, it may have had stamps at one time.  The definite “paint smear” pattern is in evidence, however.  Also, each one has the two-panel pattern in contrast to many single panel sidewalks around town.
So, two historical construction leavings of the mysterious “E. Wright” appear to be sidewalks and some involvement in the Union Block Buildings in two Yamhill County cities.
Another part of the mystery is his work as a building contractor  He was instrumental in a building in McMinnville with his name on it.  The State of Oregon Inventory of Historic Sites and Buildings has this note on the Wright Building:

“Built in 1893 at a cost of $12,500, the Wright building is a two-story brick building with
a heavy zinc (or metallic) façade connecting chimneys and screening its flat roof. The
building has the full appearance of being a late 19th century “commercial palace.” A
photograph from the 1890’s indicates the building once had a semi-circular brick arch
above a central staircase ascending to the second floor; this stairway has since been
altered. The building also had sections of cast iron façade on the main floor. The first
floor of the building has been altered several times in the 20th century and the exterior has
been covered with stucco. Most of the balls mounted on the façade ornaments have
disappeared, but the remaining exterior features of the building are largely intact.”
E. Wright Building on 3rd St. in McMinnville

Then there’s the involvement in two Union Block buildings in two cities.
The McMinnville structure is across the street from the E. Wright Building on 3rd in McMinnville.  One report noted this:
Twelve partners, among them, Ed Hendricks, Elsia Wright, and Frank Fenton, built the
structure in 1890 at a cost of $18,000. They were incorporated as the McMinnville
Investment Company. 
Union Block Building on 3rd St. in McMinnville
The Newberg building is situated at the S.W. corner or S. College and E. First St.  It was completed in 1907, the same year as the purported date on the sidewalk which now does not exist.  An early photo of the building is shown below:

The National Register of Historic Places notes the following about the building:
“The Union Block is clad and decorated with bricks manufactured locally by the Pacific Face Brick Company, established in 1892 by Jesse Edwards, Newberg's founding father. On the north and east, or primary facades, the brick veneer is light-buff colored in a stretcher bond pattern, with flush joints and tinted mortar… The Union Block is covered with a flat asphalt roof, which features a low parapet on the two primary facades. The structure is topped with a wide cornice with block modillions and dentil course, and is currently painted sea-foam green.”
It is interesting to note that the brick was made in Newberg by the firm of an early founder of the city.
So, what’s known about the mysterious man himself?
The best resource seems to be from records in McMinnville and Newberg Library, namely:
  • 1888 bus. directory:
    • McMinnville - Wright Bros, (JL&E Wright) harness shop
  • History of the Union Block Building in Newberg:
    •  "Although the actual architect/ builder has not been confirmed, it is presumed that the building contractor was E. Wright, as his name and the year 1907 are stamped in the sidewalk on College Street.”
  • Union Block history in McMinnville:
    • “403 NE 3rd St McMinnville - The Union Block is a rectangular stuccoed corner structure facing south, ten bays across and four bays deep. Twelve partners, among them, Ed Hendricks, Elsia Wright, and Frank Fenton, built the structure in 1890 at a cost of $18,000….”
  • McMinnville Polk’s Directory 1912-13:
    • Elsia Wright - concrete contractor p.437 1912-13 Polk’s Directory 610 5th St. - McMinnville, OR  [or alternate information]
    • Elza Wright - cement worker p.113 1912-13 Polk’s Directory 610 5th St. - McMinnville, OR

This biography is noted in the State of Oregon Inventory Historic Sites and Buildings
“Elsia Wright was born in Knox County, Illinois, in 1851. He emigrated to Oregon in
1871 and was a farmer until 1888. He then entered the harness business and in 1892
began constructing business buildings in McMinnville. Following the construction of his
first building in 1892, he built the Wright Block in 1893 and was also an investor in the
Union Block across the street. Wright served as a member of the McMinnville City
Council in the 1890’s. In 1898 J.C. Cooper noted: “He is one of the heaviest men in the
county, weighing 263 pounds when on full feed.”

Another source has this information:

“Elsia Wright was a very prominent early McMinnville citizen. He was born in Illinois in
1851 and came to Oregon in 1871. He farmed and went into the harness business. He
built several business structures, most notably the 1893 Wright building. He laid
McMinnville’s sidewalks and it was his custom, since he bought the first thresher in the
county, to spend his vacations doing others threshing. In winter he would attach a saw
and saw wood for people. His son lived in this house also.

Elsia Wright came to Oregon from Illinois in 1871. He was in the harness business in
McMinnville and erected several buildings. This was his finest. It cost $12,500 to build.
He served on City Council and was active in various civic organizations. The building has
remained in the Wright family and is owned today by the builder’s grandson.”

So we know that he was from Illinois and came to Oregon when he was 20.  During his life he was engaged in:
  • Farming, specifically grain harvesting
  • Harness making
  • Sidewalk construction
  • Building contracting and construction
  • City councilman
  • Investor in real estate

From this information we could conjecture that he had more to do with the Newberg Union Building than lay and autograph a sidewalk on the premises.  
Did he know Ferguson and Caldwell early drug store owners and builders of prominent houses between Washington and Blaine streets on the south side of E. Sheridan St.?  It is assumed he built the sidewalks that surround the two properties and possibly the sidewalks leading up to the two houses.  The sidewalks still display his signature “paint smears” and it extends up the walkway to the Caldwell house and toward Sheridan St.  The portion of both houses walkways to the street display the existence of horse rings, the one at the Caldwell property is still intact.

Following are pictures of segments of the sidewalks on all three sides and walks at the house entries with stamped dates.  The 1907 mark at the Caldwell house may confirm the validity of the 1907 date at the Union Block on College St. The date of 1908 at the Ferguson house also confirms the time of his work in Newberg.  His mark of “E. Wright” on Blaine St. side confirms his being the contractor of record.
“Autograph” on Blaine St.
Blaine St. by Ferguson House
Blaine St. entrance to Ferguson House
Sidewalk on Sheridan side of Caldwell House
Entrance to Caldwell House
Walk from Caldwell House to Sheridan St. w/ Horse ring
Washington side of Caldwell House
So, this is a tale to fill in some of the gaps in this mystery man out of history, that left several historical marks in Yamhill County as well as in the City of Newberg.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Chapters or the Morris, Miles, and Company Building

The Morris, Miles and Co. building, erected in 1891, was the first commercial brick building in Newberg. At that time, Newberg had been an officially incorporated town for only two years. In this year, the fledgling Pacific Friends Academy added their college arm (later named George Fox University).Several businesses existed in the downtown and the Quaker settlement that had begun to take root was begining to flourish. The Morris, Miles and Co. drygoods and groceries business struggled financially and changed ownership several times thru the early 1900s. They sold a variety of materials, advertising their products in the Newberg Graphic. After Moris, Miles, and Co closed, Larkin-Prince managed a hardware store there for at least ten years thru the 1910s. Parker Hardware followed in the 1920s. There were times when the building was vacant and other times when it was divided into two separate stores. Then in 1944, Rolla Renne left his position as Superintendent of Newberg School

What's all this about Herbert Hoover?

By Britta Stewart If you’ve been around Newberg or George Fox University you may have noticed that the name Herbert Hoover comes up a lot. There is a Hoover building on the George Fox campus and a stretch of Highway 99W called Herbert Hoover Highway. It does seem unusual for a small town in the Willamette Valley to be seemingly obsessed with a president who is most often remembered by the economic turmoil of the Great Depression. However, a deeper look shows that this fascination is not that strange. Herbert Hoover actually called the Willamette Valley home for six years during his childhood.  Hoover, or Bert as he was often called, was born in West Branch, Iowa in 1874. Unfortunately, he was orphaned by the time he was nine and subsequently moved to Newberg when he was eleven to live with his uncle and aunt, John and Laura Minthorn.  Dr. Henry John Minthorn (John) and his wife Laura had recently moved to Newberg to teach at a school called Friends Pacific Academy. This was

The Precedent for Unprecedented Times: The Spanish Flu in Newberg 1918-1919

by Rachel Thomas Ch eck out Part 2: The Spanish Flu and Pacific College/George Fox University! Note: Clippings in this article are from the Newberg Graphic which can be accessed through the  University of Oregon   Historic Oregon Newspapers project .  Newberg Graphic, October 17, 1918. In the winter of 1918-1919 an epidemic swept the globe. The Spanish Influenza as it was called, arrived in the last few months of World War I. In Newberg, schools were closed, public gatherings were cancelled, and many fell ill. Newberg Graphic, January 9, 1919. Spain protested the moniker "Spanish Flu" - it was not theirs! News from London, New York, and other major cities spoke of a major epidemic. The Newberg Graphic published articles answering questions on symptoms of influenza, how to care for oneself, and the importance of avoiding gatherings. Outdoor exercise was recommended. Newberg Graphic, October 17, 1918. Newberg Graphic, October 10, 1918 Advice gi

Central School to Chehalem Cultural Center: Part One

By Barbara Doyle This is part one of a multi-part series on the history of Central School, look for new installments in the weeks to come! This and future installments in this series are adapted from Barbara Doyle's book on this topic: From Then 'till Now: Schooling in Newberg, Oregon . Part Two Part Three Part Four Part Five Part Six Part Seven Newberg Oregon was just like many other small towns in late nineteenth century America.  We had a one-room wooden schoolhouse with students that could vary between five and twenty years of age – with just one teacher. Erected in 1881, the building was located at the Northeast corner of Main and Illinois streets. Initially thirteen students attended this ungraded public school. Students progressed individually thru the educational program. Good spelling and penmanship plus competence in simple arithmetic and understanding the words and ideas in Readers [numbered 1-6] was often the equivalent of an eighth grade education. This buildi

Central School to Chehalem Cultural Center: Part Four

By Barbara Doyle This is part four of a multi-part series on the history of Central School, look for new installments in the weeks to come! Installments in this series are adapted from Barbara Doyle's book on this topic: From Then 'till Now: Schooling in Newberg, Oregon. Part One Part Two Part Three Part Five Part Six Part Seven Part 4 - A New Building The 1932-33 school year began just like the previous one – short on cash,  struggling financially in the Great Depression.  But the long view was more promising. In early 1933, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected president and his new Democratic government promised financial help. Newberg went for a $50,000 project – a new grade school – with residents taking on $35,000 bonded indebtedness and the federal government providing a $15,000 grant. The least costly plan was to build right on the existing site. The project moved forward – slowly. Thursday, January 24, 1935 was the last day of classes in the old school that

Ewing Young History

Courtney Walker and Ewing Young A young 22 year-old Courtney Walker first came to Oregon with Nathaniel Wyeth. Wyeth was an American businessman in Boston’s ice industry. In the 1830s, he became interested in the Oregon Country thank s to Hall Jackson Kelley a nd the Oregon fever breaking out along the eastern seaboard. In 1834 Wyeth outfitted and led an expedition, with plans for establishing fur-trading posts, a salmon fishery, and a colony on Wapato isla nd near present-day Portland Oregon.   Courtney Walker joined this expedition and stayed in Oregon despite the fact Wyeth’s operation was doomed and abandoned. It could not compete against the British Hudson's Bay Company ne arby at Fort Vancouver. Courtney Walker met Ewing Young at this time. He even sold him a cauldron that Wyeth was going to use for pickling salmon. (Ewing Young planned to use it for his whiskey operation.) After working with Ewing Young a few more times, he settled as a farmer near Dayton. He was a surveyo